Paulina MarkowskaPaulina Markowska

The Problematic Relations Between Hungary and the European Union

The Problematic Relations Between Hungary and the European Union

A deterioration in relations between Hungary and the European Union could be observed over the last decade. The key subjects of this dispute are the reforms introduced by the successive governments of Viktor Orbán. The tense situation between...

The Diplomatic Crisis in the Persian Gulf.  Causes, Development, Resolution?

The Diplomatic Crisis in the Persian Gulf. Causes, Development, Resolution?

On Tuesday, January 5, 2021, it was announced that Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt will restore diplomatic relations with Qatar and lift the blockade of this country that began in June 2017. Theoretically, the situation...

A Summary of the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

A Summary of the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

On December 1, 2020, the Azerbaijanis seized the Lachin District, which has been controlled by Armenians for the past quarter of a century. Earlier, on November 25, Azerbaijani troops took control of the Kalbajar District, connecting Nagorno-Karabakh...

Energy Transformation in the Baltic Rim

Energy Transformation in the Baltic Rim

On 14 December, the Baltic states and Poland signed a EUR 720 mln agreement within the Baltic Synchronisation Project. The aim is to integrate the electricity grids of the Baltic states with Europe in order to strengthen the region’s energy...

Over two decades of Poland in NATO –  the path to membership and future prospects

Over two decades of Poland in NATO – the path to membership and future prospects

The North Atlantic Treaty, establishing NATO, was signed in Washington on April 4, 1949. After the fall of the so-called Iron Curtain, Poland could begin...

An Outline of the History of the Polish Underground State  and the Tragic Fate of the Cursed Soldiers

An Outline of the History of the Polish Underground State and the Tragic Fate of the Cursed Soldiers

During World War II, Poles created underground resistance structures, which were a worldwide phenomenon. They fulfilled nearly all functions of the state...

Assessment of the Polish Presidency in the Visegrád Group

Assessment of the Polish Presidency in the Visegrád Group

The sixth Polish Presidency in the Visegrád Group (V4) began on July 1, 2020. It will last until June 30, 2021, and its motto is “Back on track.” The slogan...

Bulgaria Blocks EU Accession Negotiations with North Macedonia

Bulgaria Blocks EU Accession Negotiations with North Macedonia

North Macedonia, which is aspiring to join the European Union (EU), had to face the challenges of complicated relations with its neighbors, especially...

Why Didn’t You Stop the Pandemic, Artificial Intelligence?

Why Didn’t You Stop the Pandemic, Artificial Intelligence?

Solutions based on artificial intelligence (AI) have been supporting all branches of industry for many years and have been secretly accompanying us in...

America After the Election: What are the Consequences for Poland and the Countries of the Region?

America After the Election: What are the Consequences for Poland and the Countries of the Region?

The situation in the United States, the most powerful global superpower, is necessarily of interest to practically all countries in the world. On November...

How Russia Strengthened NATO’s Cyber Defence

How Russia Strengthened NATO’s Cyber Defence

Russia’s 2007 cyber-attacks on Estonia did not cause any long-term harm. What they did, however, is they helped NATO realise the vulnerabilities of a country’s...

The Dynamics of International Relations in the Middle East

The Dynamics of International Relations in the Middle East

The complicated and constantly changing networks of arrangements, alliances and conflicts, in which significant parties often include non-state actors,...

Katy Carr’s sixth studio album "Providence" from October 30th

Katy Carr’s sixth studio album "Providence" from October 30th

Katy Carr’s sixth studio album Providence was inspired initially by a dream sequence that the award-winning singer songwriter remembers upon waking. Themes...

The Illusion of “Frozen Conflicts” in the Post-Soviet Area

The Illusion of “Frozen Conflicts” in the Post-Soviet Area

The post-Soviet area, although it avoided the Balkan scenario and was not the scene of great ethnic conflicts, did not avoid the outbreak of local nationalist...

Ta strona używa plików cookie. Kontynuując przeglądanie witryny, wyrażasz zgodę na ich używanie przez nasz serwis. Dodatkowo kiedy odwiedzasz naszą stronę, wstępnie wybrane firmy mogą odczytywać i korzystać z określonych informacji zapisanych na Twoim urządzeniu, aby wyświetlać odpowiednie reklamy bądź spersonalizowane treści. Dowiedz się więcej.OK