Paulina MarkowskaPaulina Markowska

Getto Heroes

An Outline of the History of the Polish Underground State and the Tragic Fate of the Cursed Soldiers

During World War II, Poles created underground resistance structures, which were a worldwide phenomenon. They fulfilled nearly all functions of the state for the Poles struggling with the cruelty of the occupying forces. After the end of the...

V4

Assessment of the Polish Presidency in the Visegrád Group

The sixth Polish Presidency in the Visegrád Group (V4) began on July 1, 2020. It will last until June 30, 2021, and its motto is “Back on track.” The slogan refers to the return to the pre-pandemic path of development. The program is based on...

Macedonia

Bulgaria Blocks EU Accession Negotiations with North Macedonia

North Macedonia, which is aspiring to join the European Union (EU), had to face the challenges of complicated relations with its neighbors, especially Greece and Bulgaria. These countries have difficulty in recognizing the statehood or ethnicity...

Inteligence

Why Didn’t You Stop the Pandemic, Artificial Intelligence?

Solutions based on artificial intelligence (AI) have been supporting all branches of industry for many years and have been secretly accompanying us in the most banal everyday activities. Supercomputers with enormous computing power and entire...

Election Us

America After the Election: What are the Consequences for Poland and the Countries of the Region?

The situation in the United States, the most powerful global superpower, is necessarily of interest to practically all countries in the world. On November...

Russia Estonia

How Russia Strengthened NATO’s Cyber Defence

Russia’s 2007 cyber-attacks on Estonia did not cause any long-term harm. What they did, however, is they helped NATO realise the vulnerabilities of a country’s...

Israel

The Dynamics of International Relations in the Middle East

The complicated and constantly changing networks of arrangements, alliances and conflicts, in which significant parties often include non-state actors,...

Katy Carr

Katy Carr’s sixth studio album "Providence" from October 30th

Katy Carr’s sixth studio album Providence was inspired initially by a dream sequence that the award-winning singer songwriter remembers upon waking. Themes...

Nagorno

The Illusion of “Frozen Conflicts” in the Post-Soviet Area

The post-Soviet area, although it avoided the Balkan scenario and was not the scene of great ethnic conflicts, did not avoid the outbreak of local nationalist...

Belarus 2

The protests in Belarus are driven by public anger, not a political vision – an interview by The Warsaw Institute Review

On August 9, Belarus held a presidential election, which, according to official results, the incumbent President Alexander Lukashenko won with over 80%...

Warsaw Institute

What is next for Nord Stream 2?

The poisoning of Alexei Navalny, of which the suspect is Russia, has caused a lively debate about the controversial construction project of a natural gas...

US Election

2020 United States presidential election – forecasts, campaign, controversies

On November 3, 2020, another presidential election will be held in the United States. The Americans will choose the next President of the United States...

Android

The Hidden Cost of Cheap Smartphones

The first smartphone was created over a quarter of a century ago, in 1993 IBM launched a device called Simon. It was a cell phone with a touch screen and...

Eu 3

EU and NATO in the midst of challenges – the role of strategy in a disrupted international environment

Unpredictable developments in Belarus, coronavirus outbreak and changing regional realities – with all the disturbances around, it seems we have definitely...

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